The Economic Effect of Coronavirus (COVID-19) on Higher Education in Jordan: An Analytical Survey
Purpose: This study aims at analyzing the possible effects of coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemia on higher education institutions in Jordan. The article also explores how universities and colleges in Jordan cope with the pandemic and manage their functions and staff during the virus outbreak. In addition, the article investigates whether the administration teams of universities in Jordan are prepared to come up with administrative strategies for post-corona crisis. Approach/Methodology/Design: The methodology used in this study is based on quantitative methods. A 23-item questionnaire was administered to 52 respondents working in universities in Jordan as academicians, decision-makers, administrators, and researchers. The 52 respondents were randomly selected from eight universities public and private. Findings: The study reveals that there is a growing concern over the transition from lockdown to university normal life. Most of the respondents agree that COVID-19 has considerable effects on the economic activity of higher education institutions. Moreover, the majority believes that universities in Jordan are not well-prepared in terms of strategic management to cope with the COVID-19 consequences. Practical Implications: The study will contribute positively to the understanding of the effects of COVID-19 on universities in Jordan. It will reflect the perceptions of different stakeholders in Jordan and thus provide a framework for future management strategies and decision making. Nevertheless, further research studies must be conducted in order to better understand the economic impact on universities and also to closely examine the management plans for the re-function of universities after the lockdown. Originality/value: This study measures the perceptions of different actors involved in higher education in Jordan by using Likert five-point scale. It is the one of the first studies to address the effects of COVID-19 on universities in Jordan. The study draws the attention to the lack of infrastructure in universities in Jordan and also the absence of strategic magagement to cope with uncertainties.