Integrity of the Apparatus of the State Officials in Corruption Eradication in Indonesia
Paragraph IV of the Preamble to the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia (herein after referred to the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia) asserts that the objectives of the state of Indonesia are to protect all the Indonesian people and their entire motherland, to advance the public welfare, to develop the intellectual life of the nation, and to contribute towards the establishment of a world order based on peace and social justice. The law enforcement should be carried out with full determination, empathy, dedication, commitment and courage with the support from ideal legal substances and cooperative societies. The aim of this research is to examine the integrity of the apparatus of the state officials in corruption eradication in Indonesia. This study belongs to the category of the qualitative research design. The result of this study is given: Corruption occurs only if three things are met, namely: (1) there is a benefit or rent that can be shared (2) a public official who has the power facilitates the process of corruption in the context of allowing access to certain parties to the benefit, and (3) there are certain parties who perform bribery actions. The integrity of the state officials is based on the legal consciousness of the apparatus of state officials who later will raise collective consciousness of the law on the state administration agencies. This legal awareness is inherent in the behaviour and not in the law as a rule. Legal awareness will influence the legal compliance of the state officials resulting in collective legal compliance of the state administration agencies making the integrity of the state officials as a reflection of legal awareness and compliance of the state officials personally and institutionally which will help realize effectiveness in eradicating corruption.