The Efficiency of the Banking Network in Relation to Changes in the Asset Market
Purpose: The purpose of writing this study is to evaluate the efficiency of the country`s banking network about the number of changes in the asset market, including the stock market and the foreign exchange market. Design/Methodology/Approach: This paper uses the Markov rotation model for the period 2008:3-2018:3 quarterly. The Hodrick Prescott filter was used to extract exchange rate fluctuations, stock market indicators, and commercial cycles. Findings: The results indicated that commercial cycles have a negative and significant effect on all banking network efficiency regimes. Exchange rate fluctuations had a negative and significant effect on the high regime of banking network efficiency and a positive and significant effect on the low regime of banking network efficiency. Fluctuations in the stock index had no significant effect on the high regime of efficiency, but they had a positive and significant effect on the banking network efficiency in its low regime. The results showed that the probability of a banking network being in a low-efficiency regime is increasing in the coming years. Practical Implications: These findings provide a better understanding of how business cycles affect banking network performance regimes. Originality/Value: The results of this study remind the Exchange and Stock Markets Organization in the country that their management should be carried out based on the level and efficiency regime of the banking network.