Application of TRIZ Technique in the Organizations’ Activity
Purpose: The article is aimed at identifying and evaluating the capabilities and main components of the theory of inventive problem solving, expanding its effective application, in terms of describing its methods, tools and the development prospects using TRIZ. Design/Methodology/Approach: For the TRIZ development it is necessary to identify the place of the TRIZ in the search for solutions in the functional and cost analysis, to identify the principles and formulate goals for which the TRIZ can be used, to determine the basic provisions of the theory of solving inventive problems and levels of problems in the TRIZ, to show the process of the TRIZ practical application in carrying out the functional and cost analysis of the enterprise organizational structure. Findings: The functional analysis, as one of the TRIZ key tools, is aimed at identifying functions, their characteristics in the context of the system (technological, managerial, business system). This direction is used to reveal system shortcomings such as harmful functions, insufficiently useful functions, the excessive components cost, and also non-performance of required functions by the analyzed object, and also it is to prepare the system model which will be applied at the subsequent stages of the analysis. Practical Implications: The results of the study could be implemented in the practice of various organizations for technical, technological, managerial, and business systems. Originality/Value: The main contribution of this study is to shift the TRIZ focus to various non-technical type of activities and to improve its application efficiency using its methodology and tools.