Innovative Energy Clusters' Infrastructure
Purpose: The purpose of the study is to develop recommendations for the creation of systemic, open, interactive data on innovative energy clusters, allowing cluster managers to build inter-cluster relationships, to assess the impact of clusters on economic development. Design/Methodology/Approach: The methodology is based on the conceptual provisions of the works of foreign and Russian scientists on the research topic. Using the methods of grouping and comparative analysis of statistical data, we analyzed the volume of electricity production and production of alternative energy in calculation on one inhabitant of the leading energy powers in the world. We also conducted a comparative analysis of databases Clustered Russia map, Cluster map of the US and European cluster maps, were studied the dynamics of the development of innovative energy clusters. Data are from the Global Energy Statistical Yearbook, government statistics, data of the Russian Cluster Observatory, the US Cluster Mapping and the European Cluster Observatory. Findings: Innovative energy clusters are mainly created on the basis of large generating and transmission energy companies. These clusters specialize in the production of bioenergy, introduce energy-saving technologies, increase energy efficiency, diversify the national energy system, and ensure the economic growth of the territories. The development of innovative energy clusters depends on the solution of a number of problems. In the study it has formulated the following ways of solving problems. Creation of an interactive cluster map that accumulates a complete database of cluster entities. Clarification of specialization groups of Russian clusters used in the course of cluster mapping, taking into account comparable groups of specializations of American and European clusters. Development of recommendations for the creation of an interactive resource of systemic, open, data on cluster formations. Practical Implications: The results and recommendations are addressed to developers of regional cluster policy, strategic planning documents, and cluster managers, and can also be used in the process of creating an interactive cluster map of Russia. Originality/Value: Recommendations were developed for the development of innovative energy clusters that ensure an increase in bioenergy production and economic growth.