Leadership Management and Youth Competencies in the Administration of Public Policy in Indonesia
Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the leadership style and competence of the leaders according to the Indonesian youth perspective. Besides, the study also identified differences in leadership style and leadership competencies according to the youth perspective based on the level of education. Approach/Methodology/Design: The survey conducted used a questionnaire with 800 Indonesian youth. SPSS 25 and AMOS 18 software were used to analyze the study findings. Findings: The results show that there is a difference in leadership style and leadership competence, according to the Indonesian youth perspective, based on the level of education. The findings of the study show that there is no significant difference in the style of leadership and commitment of the facilitator according to the perspective of Indonesian youth based on the level of education. This shows that Indonesian youth have a similar outlook on leadership style and competence. The findings show that youth with a level of education as students in the school where participation style leadership positively affects emotional ability, while leadership style leads to a negative impact on emotional competence. The results of the study also show that from the perspective of youth studying at the university level, leadership style has a positive effect on emotional competence. While leadership styles support, participation and achievement-oriented leadership styles negatively affect emotional and spiritual capability. Practical Implications: The findings of this study have implications for national leaders to be able to use effective leadership styles in nation-building and to increase their capacity to achieve the direction of national development. Originality/value: The results identify the influence of leadership style on the emotional and spiritual competence of leaders according to the Indonesian youth perspective.