Management Accounting Systems, Top Management Team’s Risk Characteristics and Their Effect on Strategic Change
Globalization intensifies world competition which leads to continuous market and industry changes that force the majority of organizations to reconsider their strategic position and engage in strategic changes, mostly, through continuous innovation and new product development with smaller life cycles. These strategic actions have developed an environment with increased complexity, uncertainty and risk. On the other hand, organizations differ in their ability to realize strategic changes, depending on many factors that affect their strategic management process. The aim of this paper is to examine the effect of TMTs risk characteristics (risk propensity, risk perception and risk taking), on the extent of strategic change both, directly and indirectly, through the design and use of the management accounting system (MAS). The proposed research model is tested via a survey on 133 top management teams, from large size enterprises with more than 250 employees throughout Greece. Our finding suggest that (a) risk taking characteristic is determined by the other two risk characteristics of risk perception and risk propensity, and (b) there is a direct and a significant indirect relationship between TMTs’ risk taking decisions and their strategic changes, affected by the intervening mediating role of the broad-scope and interactive use of MAS. The results of the study will help organisations to understand the significance of MAS use and the intervening effect on the relationship between TMTs risk characteristics and their strategic decision making process when considering new strategic changes.