Impact of Inland Ports on Transport and Economic Balance of Azov-Black Sea Basin of Russia
Purpose: The article investigates the impact of inland (dry) ports on the transport and economic balance of the Azov-Black Sea basin of the Russian Federation to formulate proposals for the creation of an internationally competitive port infrastructure. Design/Methodology/Approach: In the framework of studying this problem, it seems necessary to conduct a comprehensive analysis of the dynamics and development trends of the ports of the Azov-Black Sea basin of the Russian Federation, to explore the problematic aspects of the development of transport and economic balance in the Azov-Black Sea basin, to analyze the transport and economic aspects of the creation and operation of inland ports, and to make proposals for their implementation within the framework of the main directions of development. Findings: The study made possible formulating the conclusion that one of the effective ways to increase the capacity of the transport system of the Azov-Black Sea basin could be the creation of inland ports. The implementation of transport technologies using dry ports will increase the efficiency of the transportation process, including with related modes of transport, as well as reduce transport costs and the investment burden on the development and creation of port infrastructure. Practical implications: The development of theoretical and methodological guidelines to facilitate the introduction of modern approaches into the theory and practice of transport economics will eliminate the operational and tactical level of decision-making in the organization of multimodal transport to optimize the economic interaction of all participants in the transport chain from the consignor to the consignee in the Azov-Black Sea basin. Originality/Value: The proposals presented solve the issue of eliminating the blocks of rail transport at seaports and the participation of the Russian transport in container traffic.